What is Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP)?
Our blood (plasma) is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Platelets help our blood clot and contain hundreds of proteins and growth factors that are important for healing tissue. Platelet-rich plasma has 5 to 10 times more platelets than that which is typically found circulating in our blood. This concentration of platelets and growth factors has proven to be very effective in relieving symptoms of arthritis and potentially repairing damaged ligaments, tendons, cartilage and muscles.
Clinical studies agree that Platelet Rich Plasma has been shown to be safe and effective in treating the following common conditions:
- Osteoarthritis in knees, shoulders, hips, ankles, elbows and spinal joints
- Rotator cuff strains and tears
- Ligament tears in the knees, hips, ankles and elbows
- Neck and back injuries/ pain
- Tendinitis and ligament sprains
- Muscles strains
How does PRP work?
Blood is drawn from the patient into a test tube. The blood is then placed into a centrifuge, which is a machine that spins the blood at a high frequency to separate the blood cells from the plasma and platelets. The platelets and plasma are drawn from the test tube into a syringe. The PRP is then carefully injected into the injured joint or damaged tissue. The platelets and growth factors accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints.
Most patients experience symptom relief within one to four weeks. Symptom relief and tissue repair continue over a period of three to six months following treatment.